How We Support Preservation
The Civil War Round Table of the Mid-Ohio Valley supports historic preservation through gifts made to the American Battlefield Trust and The Gettysburg Foundation. These gifts are made possible by proceeds from raffles of donated items related to American History and especially the Civil War that are conducted at our regular meetings. The Civil War Round Table matches the funds raised by the sale of raffle tickets to support the important work of these organizations.
Current Raffle Prize
Thanks to the generosity of Roger Young, our current raffle item is a framed photograph of a Gettysburg battlefield monument that features a Union rifleman posed in a reclining position. Handwritten remarks on back of the frame identifies the subject as "Gettysburg....1963....Union Statue" and carries the autograph of the photographer, Bruce Roberts. Roberts was a professional photographer for four decades with The Tampa Tribune, The Charlotte Observer, and Southern Living Magazine. Further research links the monument to the 40th New York Volunteers who were nicknamed "The Mozart Regiment". One might suspect the regiment was recruited from the New York Symphony Orchestra and a group of musicians who elected to trade their instruments for Springfield rifles. Instead, the regiment's nickname reflects its ties to the Mozart Hall political party of New York City in the 1850's, a rival of the Tammany Hall political party of the same period.
The 40th New York Volunteers
On July 2nd, 1863, the 40th New York Infantry was part of Col. Philip Regis de Trobriand’s 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps. The brigade was spread thin across the southern edge of George Rose’s farmland and now-famous “Wheatfield.” Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles had ordered his 3rd Corps to an advanced position, well in front of the rest of the Army of the Potomac. His left rested on a jumble of boulders called Devil’s Den, while his right flank was largely exposed along the Emmitsburg Road–terminating near the Rogers and Codori Farms.
Late in the afternoon Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood’s division pressed the Confederate offensive at Devil's Den and Little Round Top. The fighting among the rocks at Devil’s Den was particularly brutal and as more Confederate units entered the battle Col. Thomas Eagan and the 40th New York were ordered to move by the left flank through the woods across a field of wheat to a position in a ravine. The ravine was the Plum Run Valley, later dubbed the “Valley of Death.” Egan moved his 431 officers and men into a battle line facing to the south. Confederates perched on the rocks of Devil’s Den picked off Union officers on Little Round Top, while others poured withering fire into the oncoming New Yorker’s. The 40th New York charged seven times down the course of Plum Run, into the boulders of Devil's Den and the Slaughter Pen. After twenty minutes of fighting, Eagan was forced to order his men from the field.
In the twenty or so minutes that the 40th New York engaged with the enemy, 150 of the 431 New Yorkers became casualties, or, 34.8%, including both Eagan and his second in command, Lt. Col. Augustus J. Warner. The 40th New York went on to fight in some of the worst battles of the Eastern Theater—Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor & beyond. By the time that the regiment mustered out of service on June 27, 1865, only the 69th New York lost more men killed and wounded among New York regiments than the 40th. Total losses of the 40th New York during the war included 1,244 officers and men.
Please click here for more information on the 40th New York Regiment at Gettysburg.
American Battlefield Trust
The Gettysburg Foundation